Jun 3, 2019

A distinct neutrophil population invades the central nervous system during pancreatic cancer

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kevin Glenn BurfeindDaniel L Marks

Abstract

Weight loss, fatigue, and cognitive dysfunction are common symptoms in cancer patients that occur prior to initiation of cancer therapy. Inflammation in the brain is a driver of these symptoms, yet cellular sources of neuroinflammation during malignancy are unknown. In a mouse model of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), we observed early and robust myeloid cell infiltration into the brain. Infiltrating immune cells were predominately neutrophils, which accumulated at a unique central nervous system entry portal called the velum interpositum, where they expressed CCR2. CCR2 knockout mice had significantly decreased brain-infiltrating neutrophils as well as attenuated anorexia and muscle catabolism during PDAC, without any changes in neutrophils in other organs. Lastly, intracerebroventricular blockade of the purinergic receptor P2RX7 during PDAC abolished neutrophil recruitment to the brain and attenuated anorexia. Our data demonstrate a novel function for the CCR2/CCL2 axis in recruiting neutrophils to the brain, which drives anorexia and muscle catabolism.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Anorexia
Immune Effector Cell
CCR2 gene
Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Carcinoma
Brain
C-C Chemokine Receptor Type 2
Organ
Cancer Treatment
CCR2

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