# A fast and simple method to calculate protonation states in proteins

## Abstract

A simple model for electrostatic interactions in proteins, based on a distance and position dependent screening of the electrostatic potential, is presented. It is applied in conjunction with a Monte Carlo algorithm to calculate pK(alpha) values of ionizable groups in proteins. The purpose is to furnish a simple, fast, and sufficiently accurate model to be incorporated into molecular dynamic simulations. This will allow for dynamic protonation calculations and for coupling between changes in structure and protonation state during the simulation. The best method of calculating protonation states available today is based on solving the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation on a finite difference grid. However, this model consumes far too much computer time to be a practical alternative. Tests are reported for fixed structures on bacteriorhodopsin, lysozyme, myoglobin, and calbindin. The studies include comparisons with Poisson-Boltzmann calculations with dielectric constants 4 and 20 inside the protein, a model with uniform dielectric constant 80 and distance-dependent dielectric models. The accuracy is comparable to that of Poisson-Boltzmann calculations with dielectric constant 20, and it is considerably better than that with e...Continue Reading

## References

## Citations

### Focusing of the electrostatic potential at EF-hands of calbindin D(9k): titration of acidic residues

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