PMID: 9118593Feb 1, 1997

A fast hemoglobin variant on newborn screening is associated with alpha-thalassemia trait

Clinical Pediatrics
S T MillerS P Rao

Abstract

Alpha thalassemia trait (alpha-thal-1) is a common cause of microcytosis in black and Asian populations. A small amount of hemoglobin Barts (2-8%) is transiently present in affected infants at birth and detectable in many newborn screening laboratories; it is a fast-moving hemoglobin on electrophoresis. In order to determine whether a report of a "fast hemoglobin variant" on newborn hemoglobinopathy screening is associated with a diagnosis of alpha thalassemia trait, hemoglobin concentration, red blood cell indices, and peripheral blood smear examination were performed on 18 infants referred for hematologic evaluation of a "fast hemoglobin variant" on newborn screening. All 18 infants with this diagnosis referred for consultation were black; ages ranged from 24 to 86 days (median 40 days). Six of 18 infants (33%) were mildly anemic for age and all 18 were microcytic. The prevalence of a "fast variant" among infants born at our institution is 2.5%. In that conditions other than alpha-thal-1 that cause microcytosis in early infancy are very uncommon, we conclude that all 18 of our infants with a fast hemoglobin on newborn screening likely have alpha-thal-1. The newborn screening result is thus a commonly and readily available lab...Continue Reading

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