Aug 29, 1998

A functional soluble form of the murine mannose receptor is produced by macrophages in vitro and is present in mouse serum

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Luisa Martinez-PomaresS Gordon

Abstract

A soluble form of the mannose receptor (sMR) has been found in conditioned medium of primary macrophages in vitro and in mouse serum. sMR was released as a single species, had a smaller size than the cell-associated form, and accumulated in macrophage-conditioned medium, in a cytokine-regulated manner, to levels comparable with those found for cell-associated mannose receptor. Pulse-chase experiments showed that sMR production in culture occurred by constitutive cleavage of pre-existing full-length protein. A binding assay was developed to determine the sugar specificity of sMR and its ability to interact with pathogens and particulate antigens (i.e. Candida albicans and zymosan). Protease inhibitor studies suggested that sMR was produced by cleavage of an intact mannose receptor by a matrix metalloprotease or ADAM metalloprotease. A role for sMR in the immune response is proposed based on its binding properties, regulation by cytokines, and the previous discovery of putative ligands for the cysteine-rich domain of the mannose receptor in lymph nodes and spleen.

  • References29
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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Macrophages, Peritoneal
Immune Response
CD206 antigen
Candida albicans
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Spleen
Culture Media, Conditioned
Hormone Receptors, Cell Surface
Murine
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum

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