Apr 25, 2020

Novel class of OTU deubiquitinases regulate substrate ubiquitinationupon Legionella infection

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
D. ShinIvan Dikic

Abstract

Legionella pneumophila is a gram-negative pathogenic bacterium that causes Legionaries' disease. The Legionella genome codes more than 300 effector proteins able to modulate host-pathogen interactions during infection. Among them are also enzymes altering the host-ubiquitination system including bacterial ligases and deubiquitinases. In this study, based on homology-detection screening on 305 Legionella effector proteins, we identified two Legionella OTU-like deubiquitinases (LOT; LotB (Lpg1621/Ceg23) and LotC (Lpg2529), LotA (Lpg2248/Lem21) is already known). A crystal structure of LotC catalytic core (LotC14-310) was determined at 2.4[A] and compared with other OTU deubiquitinases, including LotB. Unlike the classical OTU-family, the structures of Legionella OTU-family (LotB and LotC) shows an extended helical lobe between the Cys-loop and the variable loop, which define a novel class of OTU-deubiquitinase. Despite structural differences in their helical lobes, both LotB and LotC interact with ubiquitin. LotB has an additional ubiquitin-binding site (S1') enabling specific cleavage of Lys63-linked poly-ubiquitin chains. By contrast, LotC only contains the S1 site and cleaves different species of ubiquitin chains. MS analysis ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Non-Homologous DNA End-Joining
Biochemical Pathway
BRCA1 protein, human
Genes
Gene Editing
Ubiquitin
Phage Display
Double Strand Break Repair
Inhibitors
Bacteriophages

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