Aug 17, 2015

A genomic region containing RNF212 and CPLX1 is associated with sexually-dimorphic recombination rate variation in wild Soay sheep (Ovis aries).

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Susan E JohnstonJosephine M Pemberton

Abstract

Meiotic recombination breaks down linkage disequilibrium and forms new haplotypes, meaning that it is an important driver of diversity in eukaryotic genomes. Understanding the causes of variation in recombination rate is important in interpreting and predicting evolutionary phenomena and for understanding the potential of a population to respond to selection. However, despite attention in model systems, there remains little data on how recombination rate varies at the individual level in natural populations. Here, we used extensive pedigree and high-density SNP information in a wild population of Soay sheep ( Ovis aries ) to investigate the genetic architecture of individual autosomal recombination rate. Individual rates were high relative to other mammal systems, and were higher in males than in females (autosomal map lengths of 3748 cM and 2860 cM, respectively). The heritability of autosomal recombination rate was low but significant in both sexes (h2 = 0.16 & 0.12 in females and males, respectively). In females, 46.7% of the heritable variation was explained by a sub-telomeric region on chromosome 6; a genome-wide association study showed the strongest associations at the locus RNF212 , with further associations observed at...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
REC8
RNF212
Genome
RNF212 gene
Dysequilibrium Syndrome
Rec8
CPLX1 protein, human
Recombination, Genetic
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6

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