A Genotype-Phenotype Analysis of the Bardet-Biedl Syndrome in Puerto Rico.

Clinical Ophthalmology
Gabriel A GuardiolaArmando L Oliver

Abstract

Bardet-Biedl syndrome is a complex heterogeneous ciliopathy caused by genetic mutations. Although establishing genotype-phenotype correlations has been challenging, some regional variations have been previously reported. Due to its relative geographic isolation, Puerto Rico has a greater prevalence of Bardet-Biedl syndrome than do other regions. We sought to characterize the most frequent genotypic variations in a local cohort of Bardet-Biedl syndrome patients and report any genotypic-phenotypic trends. Twenty-seven patients from an ophthalmology clinic in Puerto Rico with genetically confirmed Bardet-Biedl syndrome took a questionnaire inquiring about their most common symptoms. Ophthalmological information was obtained from patient records. The frequencies of the genotypic variations and symptoms were calculated. In the study population, BBS1 was the most prevalent mutated gene, followed by BBS7. In the BBS1 group, we found homozygotes for c.1169T>G (p.Met390Arg) and c.1645G>T (p.Glu549*), and compound heterozygotes for c.1169T>G (p.Met390Arg) and c.1645G>T (p.Glu549*), with one patient having c.1645G>T (p.Glu549*) and c.432+1G>A (splice donor). All the BBS7 patients were homozygous for c.632C>T (p.Thr211Ile). Compared to BBS...Continue Reading

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