PMID: 7210609Oct 1, 1980

A glucose-dependent panhemagglutinin

Vox Sanguinis
T LewisD R Avoy


An agglutinin was identified in the serum of a non-transfused primiparous patient that reacted with all commercial red blood cells regardless of their antigenic makeup. The autologous control was negative. The agglutinin was directed against human red blood cells that had been incubated in media containing glucose and washed prior to testing. Red blood cells incubated in 2% glucose solution became agglutinable after 6 days of 4 degrees C or after 2 h at 37 degrees C. These red blood cells gradually became non-reactive when washed and incubated in saline at 37 or 4 degrees C. At 22 degrees C the titer of the agglutinin was 128 (score 64) in LISS and 64 (score 56) in saline. The agglutinin was denatured by 2-mercaptoethanol, but remained active after 30 min of heating at 56 degrees C. Among various mono- and disaccharides tested, glucose was the only sugar that selectively inhibited the reaction. The presence of such an agglutinin may cause confusion in a transfusion service laboratory by mimicking an antibody directed against a high incidence antigen.


Jan 1, 1975·British Journal of Haematology·M L BeckW L Bayer
Jul 1, 1978·Transfusion·C Rouault, J Gruenhagen
Jul 1, 1976·Transfusion·H C Moore, P L Mollison
Sep 1, 1972·Transfusion·W L Marsh
May 9, 1958·Science·A B LEYA CAHAN
Nov 5, 1960·Nature·K C WATSON, S M JOUBERT

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Blood Grouping and Crossmatching
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