A guide to the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections

Drugs
F Vogel

Abstract

Acute bronchitis is usually a viral infection which, unless there is a special disposition, does not require antibiotic therapy. For the initial oral chemotherapy of bacterial infections of the lower respiratory tract (chronic bronchitis, pneumonia) the effective and well tolerated cephalosporins, macrolides and amoxicillin plus beta-lactamase-inhibitor are recommended. In complicated cases with severe underlying disease, longer history or frequent exacerbations, quinolones should be given if Gram-negative infections are suspected or if initial therapy with other substances has failed. If Legionella, Mycoplasma or Chlamydia spp., so-called 'atypical' pathogens, are involved, macrolide antibiotics are the therapy of first choice. Special attention should be given to the increase in resistance against cotrimoxazole (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) and tetracyclines. In hospitals where primary pneumonias are treated preferentially by intravenous medication, therapy should be switched to oral antibiotics as soon as feasible (follow-up therapy). For severely ill patients with secondary pneumonia and underlying disease, second generation cephalosporins with aminoglycosides, or monotherapy with third generation cephalosporins are recom...Continue Reading

Citations

Jul 14, 1999·The American Journal of Medicine·S BentD Grady
Dec 29, 1995·The American Journal of Medicine·F Vogel
Jun 24, 1999·Pharmacological Research : the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society·G MazzagliaA P Caputi
Mar 29, 2000·Hospital Medicine·R Wise

Related Concepts

Microbicides
Bacteriocidal Agents
Bronchitis
Cephalosporanic Acids
Experimental Lung Inflammation
Upper Respiratory Infections
Macrolides
4-Quinolones

Related Feeds

Antifungals

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.

Bacterial Pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.

Antifungals (ASM)

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.

Aminoglycosides (ASM)

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.

Bacterial Pneumonia (ASM)

Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.

Aminoglycosides

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.