Sep 1, 2002

A household survey on morbidity and treatment of acute respiratory infections in communities in Vietnam

Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Akira ShimouchiNguyen Viet Co

Abstract

To ascertain the extent of under-utilization and insufficiency or inappropriateness in provision of health services as one of the possible causes of high mortality from pediatric pneumonia in pilot areas in Vietnam. The household survey on morbidity and treatment of acute respiratory infections, simple cough, and cold and pneumonia, was conducted in two communities with 10% sampling of the child population. Both under-treatment of "fast breathing", a proxy for pneumonia, and over-treatment of simple cough and cold with antimicrobials by health workers, mothers, and private practitioners were common. A household survey on morbidity and treatment was found to be useful to clarify actual practices in the treatment of acute respiratory infections in the community, which cannot be obtained by mere interview with health workers or mothers. Since a change of knowledge did not automatically lead to change of practice, the training of health workers, health education of mothers and provision of antimicrobials at village health stations would not guarantee improved practice of health workers and mothers. Therefore, constant supervision for health workers, continued health education of mothers and involvement of private practitioners are ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Morbidity Aspects
Coughing
Acute Respiratory Infections
Respiratory Tract Infections
Pneumonia
Microbicides

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