Aug 5, 2019

A key region of molecular specificity orchestrates unique ephrin-B1 utilization by Cedar virus

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Rhys PryceBenhur Lee

Abstract

The prototypic henipaviruses (HNV), Hendra (HeV) and Nipah (NiV), are emergent zoonotic pathogens responsible for frequent and fatal outbreaks of severe disease in domestic animals and humans. The HNV attachment glycoprotein (G) is a critical determinant of host-species and cell-type tropism. Utilization of highly conserved B-type ephrin ligands as functional entry receptors engenders HNVs with a broad permissive host range, accounts for zoonotic spillover, and is closely aligned with observed disease pathologies. Recent studies have uncovered numerous divergent clades of HNVs globally. Cedar virus (CedV), the closest relative of HeV and NiV identified to date, can establish experimental infections, yet has not been observed to cause overt disease. While the apathogenic phenotype may be attributed to a lack of P-gene derived interferon antagonists, the V and W accessory proteins, additional determinants of differential HNV pathobiology could be involved. Here, through comparative functional and structural analysis of CedV-G, we characterize molecular interactions critical to viral entry. We demonstrate that CedV possesses a unique cellular entry receptor repertoire which, in addition to functional utilization of the common HNV ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Guanosine
Study
Nipah Virus
CD52
Glycoproteins
Hepatitis E virus
Receptor Cell
Receptors, Eph Family
Evaluation
Zoonoses

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