A key role for the subunit SUR2B in the preferential activation of vascular KATP channels by isoflurane

British Journal of Pharmacology
H FujitaH Nakaya

Abstract

It has been postulated that isoflurane, a volatile anaesthetic, produces vasodilatation through activation of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels. However, there is no direct evidence for the activation of vascular KATP channels by isoflurane. This study was conducted to examine the effect of isoflurane on vascular KATP channels and compare it with that on cardiac KATP channels. Effects of isoflurane on KATP channels were examined in aortic smooth muscle cells and cardiomyocytes of the mouse using patch clamp techniques. Effects of the anaesthetic on the KATP channels with different combinations of the inward rectifier pore subunits (Kir6.1 and Kir6.2) and sulphonylurea receptor subunits (SUR2A and SUR2B) reconstituted in a heterologous expression system were also examined. Isoflurane increased the coronary flow in Langendorff-perfused mouse hearts in a concentration-dependent manner, which was abolished by 10 microM glibenclamide. In enzymically-dissociated aortic smooth muscle cells, isoflurane evoked a glibenclamide-sensitive current (i.e. KATP current). In isolated mouse ventricular cells, however, isoflurane failed to evoke the KATP current unless the KATP current was preactivated by the K+ channel opener pinacidil. Although ...Continue Reading

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