A liquid medium for the production of Kabatiella zeae conidia

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
F J Reifschneider, D C Arny


A liquid medium, designated as Kabatiella zeae medium (KZM), containing 10.0 g of carboxymethylcellulose, 5.0 g of maltose, 1.5 g of peptone, 1.0 g of monobasic potassium phosphate, 1 L of distilled water, is described. Peptone was found to be the component most influential in stimulating sporulation. The optimum temperature for conidial production was 25 degrees C. In shake culture about 10(7) conidia/mL were produced in 5 days at room temperature (about 21 degrees C) when KZM was seeded with 4-day-old colony plugs. The optimum for conidial production was pH 5 with only a slight gradual reduction to pH 9. However, fungal development was abnormal at pH values of 4 and 5. Of the 29 isolates tested, only two did not sporulate in KZM or in any other medium. Because of the high yield of conidia in a short time, the ease of preparation and use, and its low cost, KZM is especially useful where large amounts of inoculum are needed.

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