A Longitudinal Field Investigation of Narcissism and Popularity Over Time: How Agentic and Antagonistic Aspects of Narcissism Shape the Development of Peer Relationships

Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Marius LeckeltMitja D Back


Grandiose narcissism has been linked to initial popularity but to later unpopularity in peer groups and laboratory contexts. Do these effects on peer relationships also emerge in larger real-life contexts and what are the underlying behavioral processes (i.e., behavioral expressions, interpersonal perceptions)? Using data from the longitudinal CONNECT field study (N = 126), we investigated effects of agentic and antagonistic aspects of grandiose narcissism on emerging popularity in a complete peer network. A cohort of psychology first-year students was assessed with a quasiexperimental, experience-sampling methodology involving online surveys, diaries, and behavioral observations. In contrast to previous laboratory research, narcissism was unrelated to popularity at the level of zero-order correlations. However, results indicated that (a) an agentic behavioral pathway fostered popularity across time, and an antagonistic behavioral pathway drove the long-term decline in popularity, and (b) the two pathways were differentially related to agentic (admiration) and antagonistic (rivalry) aspects of narcissism.


Oct 1, 1979·Psychological Reports·R N Raskin, C S Hall
Dec 1, 1994·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·D A Kenny, D A Kashy
May 26, 1998·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·D L Paulhus
May 4, 2000·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·T F Heatherton, K D Vohs
Oct 25, 2006·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·David Watson, John Humrichouse
Apr 26, 2008·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·Joshua D Foster, Riley F Trimm
Sep 17, 2008·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·Amy B BrunellKenneth G Demarree
Jun 3, 2009·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·Ryan P BrownMichael Tamborski
Jan 8, 2010·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Mitja D BackBoris Egloff
Jan 21, 2010·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Simine Vazire
Oct 16, 2010·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·Jack A GoncaloSharon H Kim
May 25, 2011·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Erika N CarlsonThomas F Oltmanns
Sep 13, 2011·Behavior Research Methods·Felix D SchönbrodtStefan C Schmukle
May 16, 2012·Journal of Personality·Albrecht C P KüfnerMitja D Back
Oct 24, 2012·International Journal of Public Health·Rob EisingaBen Pelzer
Apr 5, 2013·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·Michael DufnerJaap J A Denissen
Oct 17, 2013·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Mitja D BackJaap J A Denissen
Dec 30, 2014·Psychological Bulletin·Emily GrijalvaTaiyi Yan
Feb 25, 2015·Journal of Personality Disorders·Joshua D MillerW Keith Campbell
Apr 19, 2015·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·Erika N Carlson, Nicole M Lawless DesJardins
Jul 21, 2015·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Marius LeckeltMitja D Back
Feb 19, 2016·Assessment·Ryan W CarpenterTimothy J Trull
Aug 25, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Vedran SekaraSune Lehmann
Aug 26, 2016·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Stefanie N WurstMitja D Back
Dec 2, 2016·Perspectives on Psychological Science : a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science·Gabriella M HarariSamuel D Gosling
Jan 31, 2017·Personality and Social Psychology Review : an Official Journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc·Zlatan Krizan, Anne D Herlache
Mar 17, 2017·Annual Review of Clinical Psychology·Joshua D MillerW Keith Campbell
Jan 13, 2018·Psychological Assessment·Joshua R OltmannsThomas A Widiger

Related Concepts

Longitudinal Studies
Research Methodology
Grandiose Delusions

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Related Papers

American Journal of Psychotherapy
M Gelfman
Soins. Psychiatrie
J P Guéguen
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved