Nov 22, 2017

A longitudinal study of DNA methylation as a potential mediator of age-related diabetes risk

GeroScience
Crystal D GrantKaren N Conneely

Abstract

DNA methylation (DNAm) has been found to show robust and widespread age-related changes across the genome. DNAm profiles from whole blood can be used to predict human aging rates with great accuracy. We sought to test whether DNAm-based predictions of age are related to phenotypes associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D), with the goal of identifying risk factors potentially mediated by DNAm. Our participants were 43 women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative. We obtained methylation data via the Illumina 450K Methylation array on whole blood samples from participants at three timepoints, covering on average 16 years per participant. We employed the method and software of Horvath, which uses DNAm at 353 CpGs to form a DNAm-based estimate of chronological age. We then calculated the epigenetic age acceleration, or Δage, at each timepoint. We fit linear mixed models to characterize how Δage contributed to a longitudinal model of aging and diabetes-related phenotypes and risk factors. For most participants, Δage remained constant, indicating that age acceleration is generally stable over time. We found that Δage associated with body mass index (p = 0.0012), waist circumference (p = 0.033), and fasting glucose (p = 0.0073), with ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Biological Markers
Genome-Wide Association Study
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
DNA Methylation [PE]
Whole Blood
Protein Methylation
Genome
Longitudinal Studies
Virus Replication

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