PMID: 737091Dec 1, 1978

A method for praecordial surface mapping of the exercise electrocardiogram

British Heart Journal
K FoxJ Shillingford


A technique for praecordial surface mapping of the exercise electrocardiogram is described. This showed the area, time course, and severity of ST segment depression as projected onto the front of the chest after exercise. Twenty normal volunteers and 20 patients with coronary artery disease have been studied. No changes were seen after exercise in the normal subjects but areas of ST segment depression appeared in all 20 patients with angina pectoris. In 5 of the 20 patients with coronary artery disease, the exercise test was repeated on a later date. There were no significant differences in the area of severity of electrocardiographic abnormalities recorded during the two tests. This technique may prove to be useful for diagnosis and assessing medical and surgical treatments in patients with ischaemic heart disease.


Aug 21, 1975·The New England Journal of Medicine·J S BorerS E Epstein
Apr 1, 1978·British Heart Journal·A SelwynJ Shillingford
Mar 1, 1977·Cardiovascular Research·A Selwyn, J Shillingford
Aug 1, 1975·American Heart Journal·B P Phibbs, L J Buckels
May 1, 1970·Annals of Internal Medicine·D RoitmanL T Sheffield
May 1, 1971·British Heart Journal·D S ReidJ Shillingford
Feb 1, 1966·American Heart Journal·R E Mason, I Likar
Aug 1, 1955·Annals of Internal Medicine·G B MYERS, F N TALMERS


Feb 1, 1979·Clinical Cardiology·K FoxJ Shillingford
Sep 5, 1985·The New England Journal of Medicine·L T Sheffield
Jul 19, 1980·British Medical Journal·K FoxA Selwyn
Jan 1, 1983·British Heart Journal·J E DeanfieldK Fox
Jan 1, 1986·European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·M de BuitleirD M Krikler
Jun 1, 1996·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·M S FullerR Lux
Jan 1, 1986·The American Journal of Cardiology·M de BuitleirD M Krikler
Dec 1, 1980·The American Journal of Cardiology·D M Mirvis
Mar 1, 1979·The American Journal of Cardiology·A SelwynM Myers
Oct 1, 1981·The American Journal of Medicine·H J DargieS Krikler
Dec 1, 1979·The American Journal of Cardiology·K FoxJ Shillingford
Nov 1, 1995·Physiological Measurement·B I Gramatikov
Aug 1, 1981·British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·A C TweddelI Hutton

Related Concepts

Coronary Heart Disease
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.