Apr 1, 1976

A method for the estimation of acetanilide, paracetamol and phenacetin in plasma and urine using mass fragmentography

Biomedical Mass Spectrometry
J D BatyJ Wharton


Phenacetin, paracetamol and acetanilide can be determined in a plasma or urine sample by the use of deuterium labelled analogues. These are produced by reaction of hexadeuterioacetic anhydride with the appropriate aromatic amine. The -NHCOCD3 group is stable to hydrogen exchange below pH 8. The internal standard is added to the plasma or urine after enzymatic hydrolysis of the paracetamol conjugates and an ethyl acetate extract at pH 5 is evaporated under nitrogen and the residue derivatized with N,O-bis-(trimethylsilyl)-acetamide. An aliquot of this solution is injected into a g.c.m.s. system, and one ion characteristic of the material under study and the ion from the deuterium analogue (3 mass units greater) are monitored using a voltage switching technique. In the case of phenacetin, for example, ions at 251 and 254 are monitored. Calibration curves relating different weight ratios of the hydrogen and deuterium compounds to their respective signals from the gas chromatography mass spectrometer are used to calculate the amount of a compound in a particular sample. These methods have been developed to study the oxidation of acetanilide to paracetamol and the de-ethylation of phenacetin to paracetamol. Preliminary results from ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Mass Chromatography

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.