PMID: 6249372Jul 29, 1980

A microsomal endoribonuclease from rat liver

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
H KumagaiS Hirose


An endoribonuclease has been purified about 320-fold from the microsomes of rat liver. The enzyme had an apparent molecular weight of 54 000-58 000 and produced oligonucleotides, each consisting of 3-7 nucleotides from poly(A) and poly(U). No mononucleotide was obtained by the enzymatic hydrolysis of poly(A) and poly(U) under standard coditions. The relative rates of breakdown of synthetic polynucleotides by the enzyme under standard conditions were in the order poly(U) = poly(A) > poly(C). Divalent cations (Mg2+ or Mn2+) was required for the enzymatic activity, but monovalent cations (Na+, K+ or NH4+) inhibited the enzyme. The breakdown of poly(C) and poly(U) by the enzyme was inhibited by spermine, but that of poly(A) was not influenced by spermine. The enzyme was inhibited by p-chloromercuribenzoate and poly(G), but not by rat-liver ribonuclease-inhibitor and anti-RNase A serum.


Sep 6, 1976·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·K AkagiM Yamanaka
Oct 1, 1978·European Journal of Biochemistry·J Sebastián, C F Heredia
Jan 12, 1979·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·H KumagaiS Hirose
Dec 2, 1977·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·C N Kwan
Nov 22, 1976·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·S Bishayee, U Maitra
Nov 1, 1976·European Journal of Biochemistry·W E MüllerR K Zahn
May 28, 1973·Molecular & General Genetics : MGG·D Apirion
Mar 1, 1969·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·A A GribnauH Bloemendal

Related Concepts

Cations, Divalent
Cations, Monovalent
Microsomes, Liver
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Substrate Specificity
Rats, Laboratory

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.