Apr 6, 2020

Aliphatic Amines are Viable Pro-drug Moieties in Phosphonoamidate Drugs

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
V. C. YanFlorian L Muller

Abstract

Phosphate and phosphonates containing a single P-N bond are frequently used pro-drug motifs to improve cell permeability of these otherwise anionic moieties. Upon entry into the cell, the P-N bond is cleaved by phosphoramidases to release the active agent. Here, we apply a novel mono-amidation strategy to our phosphonate-containing glycolysis inhibitor and show that a diverse panel of phosphonoamidates may be rapidly generated for in vitro screening. We show that, in contrast to the canonical L-alanine or benzylamine moieties which have previously been reported as efficacious pro-drug moieties, small aliphatic amines demonstrate greater drug release efficacy for our phosphonate inhibitor. These results expand the scope of possible amine pro-drugs that can be used as second pro-drug leave groups for phosphate or phosphonate-containing drugs.

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