Apr 19, 2020

Abnormal AMPAR-mediated synaptic plasticity, cognitive and autistic-like behaviors in a missense Fmr1 mutant mouse model of Fragile X syndrome

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. PrietoStéphane Martin

Abstract

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most frequent form of inherited intellectual disability and the best-described monogenic cause of autism. FXS is usually caused by a CGG-repeat expansion in the FMR1 gene leading to its silencing and the loss-of-expression of the Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP). Missense mutations were also identified in FXS patients, including the recurrent FMRP-R138Q mutation. To investigate the mechanisms underlying FXS in these patients, we generated a knock-in mouse model (Fmr1R138Q) expressing the FMRP-R138Q protein. We demonstrate that the Fmr1R138Q hippocampus has an increased spine density associated with postsynaptic ultrastructural defects and increased AMPA receptor surface expression. Combining biochemical assays, high-resolution imaging and electrophysiological recordings, we also show that the mutation impairs the hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and leads to socio-cognitive deficits in Fmr1R138Q mice. These findings reveal that the R138Q mutation impacts the postsynaptic function of FMRP and highlight potential mechanisms causing FXS in FMRP-R138Q patients.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Genome-Wide Association Study
Animal Cancer Model
Theoretical Model
Genome
Genes
Deleterious Mutation
Statistical Test
Genomics
Simulation

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