Feb 5, 2010

A mouse model of lethal infection for evaluating prophylactics and therapeutics against Monkeypox virus

Journal of Virology
Jennifer M StabenowScott Parker

Abstract

Monkeypox virus (MPXV) is an orthopoxvirus closely related to variola, the etiological agent of smallpox. In humans, MPXV causes a disease similar to smallpox and is considered to be an emerging infectious disease. Moreover, the use of MPXV for bioterroristic/biowarfare activities is of significant concern. Available small animal models of human monkeypox have been restricted to mammals with poorly defined biologies that also have limited reagent availability. We have established a murine MPXV model utilizing the STAT1-deficient C57BL/6 mouse. Here we report that a relatively low-dose intranasal (IN) infection induces 100% mortality in the stat1(-)(/)(-) model by day 10 postinfection with high infectious titers in the livers, spleens, and lungs of moribund animals. Vaccination with modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) followed by a booster vaccination is sufficient to protect against an intranasal MPXV challenge and induces an immune response more robust than that of a single vaccination. Furthermore, antiviral treatment with CMX001 (HDP-cidofovir) and ST-246 protects when administered as a regimen initiated on the day of infection. Thus, the stat1(-)(/)(-) model provides a lethal murine platform for evaluating therapeutics and...Continue Reading

  • References50
  • Citations34

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Immune Response
Vaccinia virus
Variola <fish>
C57BL/6 Mouse
Murine
ST-246
Smallpox
Human Monkeypox
STAT1
Pathology

Related Feeds

Antivirals

Antivirals are medications that are used specifically for treating viral infections. Discover the latest research on antivirals here.

Antivirals (ASM)

Antivirals are medications that are used specifically for treating viral infections. Discover the latest research on antivirals here.