A multifactorial study of age bias among rehabilitation professionals

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
B RybarczykJ J Nicholas

Abstract

To assess different dimensions of age bias among rehabilitation professionals and to determine the effect of patient gender and behavior on these biases. Between-subjects questionnaire study. Randomly selected institutions accredited with the Commission on the Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF). Nine hundred seventy-four rehabilitation professionals from 9 disciplines at 23 CARF-accredited facilities. Each professional received a vignette case history of an amputation patient who varied in age (36yr, 76yr), gender (male, female), and patient behavior (ideal, depressed, noncompliant). The vignette was followed by the Professional Bias Questionnaire (PBQ), which included 25 questions assessing the professionals' responses to the patient. Main effects and interaction effects for age, gender, and behavior for the PBQ. Factor analysis of the PBQ questionnaire yielded 4 reliable scales: the professional's judgment of the patient's psychologic neediness, postdischarge potential, worthiness for rehabilitation, and their personal reaction to working with the patient. Analyses of variance resulted in significant age by behavior interaction effects for 3 of the 4 scales. Older patients were viewed more negatively than equiv...Continue Reading

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Citations

Nov 1, 2012·The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy·Hilary B GreenbergerDianne V Jewell
Jan 22, 2005·Canadian Journal on Aging = La Revue Canadienne Du Vieillissement·Bibiana CujecDavid Johnson
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May 26, 2012·Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics : CQ : the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees·John R Stone

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