A multivariate analysis of cardiac growth in human embryos: endocardial cushions and ventricular myocardium

Cardiovascular Research
C A Mandarim-de-Lacerda


In view of the controversy about the morphological significance of the endocardial cushion tissue and ventricular myocardium during cardiac development, the aim was to carry out quantitative studies of these structures. Endocardial cushion tissue and ventricular myocardium were quantified by point count planimetry. The relative growth of the volume of these structures, and also the embryonic crown-rump length, was studied by multivariate allometry (principal components analysis) with the covariance matrix calculated from natural logarithms of the data. 27 serially sectioned human embryos were studied, ranging from stage 15 to stage 23 (Paris collection). The relative growth of endocardial cushion tissue, ventricular myocardium, and crown-rump length was discontinuous during the postsomitic period. The first component in principal components analysis measures overall size and, in the present analysis, accounts for 88.6% of the total variance. The growth vector isometry hypothesis was checked with the chi 2 test. This showed that differences in growth between cardiac structures and crown-rump length were allometric (p less than 0.01). Endocardial cushion tissue volume and crown-rump length grew with negative allometry during the ...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1993·Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA·C A Mandarim-de-Lacerda, E M Boasquevisque
May 28, 1997·Early Human Development·C A Mandarim-de-LacerdaF Narcy
Dec 31, 1993·Early Human Development·C A Mandarim-de-Lacerda

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