A multivariate approach for assessing severity of acute graft-versus-host disease in bone marrow transplantation

Statistics in Medicine
R S ParrishP J Henslee-Downey

Abstract

Patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation are at high risk of developing acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) which is a primary limiting factor for this procedure inasmuch as it is responsible for high morbidity rates and is associated with poor survival outcome. To provide improved treatment assessment and better interpretation of clinical outcomes, we need a precise and objective assessment of GVHD. Severity of GVHD is commonly assessed using an imprecise categorical grading system that incorporates skin, gut and liver grades, as well as subjective assessment of clinical performance. These organ grades are based on arbitrary cutpoints of skin rash, diarrhoea volume and bilirubin level. The International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry proposed an alternative grading system based on different combinations of organ involvement and provided estimates of relative risk of treatment failure. On the basis of that work, we developed an empirical mathematical model that quantifies GVHD severity, and that uses continuous, rather than categorical, daily measurements for each organ system. We use model-predicted values as an index of severity for any combination of values. The proposed index allows a more precise comparison of G...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 24, 1975·The New England Journal of Medicine·E D ThomasC D Buckner
Nov 1, 1991·British Journal of Cancer·D G Altman
Feb 1, 1989·Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology·P E LeBoit
Sep 1, 1987·Transplantation·R Korngold, J Sprent
Jan 1, 1984·Annual Review of Medicine·H J Deeg, R Storb
May 1, 1980·The Journal of Investigative Dermatology·R ParkmanF Rosen

Related Concepts

Confidence Intervals
Morbidity Aspects
Cholera Infantum
Acute GVH Disease
Graft-vs-Host Disease
Bone Marrow
Severity of Illness Index
Incidence Studies
Survival Analysis
Rietveld Refinement

Related Feeds

Blood And Marrow Transplantation

The use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or blood and marrow transplantation (bmt) is on the increase worldwide. BMT is used to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. Here is the latest research on bone and marrow transplantation.

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