Apr 1, 2020

A negative feedback loop mediated by the NR4A family of nuclear hormone receptors restrains expansion of B cells that receive signal one in the absence of signal two

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology


Ag stimulation (signal 1) triggers B cell activation and proliferation, and primes B cells to recruit, engage, and respond to T cell help (signal 2). However, failure to receive signal 2 within a defined window of time results in an abortive round of proliferation, followed by anergy or apoptosis. Although the molecular basis of T cell help has been extensively dissected, the mechanisms that restrain Ag-stimulated B cells, and enforce dependence upon co-stimulation, are incompletely understood. Nr4a1-3 encode a small family of orphan nuclear receptors that are rapidly induced by B cell receptor (BCR) stimulation, yet little is known about their function in humoral immune responses. Here we use germline and conditional loss-of-function mouse models to show that Nr4a1 and Nr4a3 play partially redundant roles to restrain both the survival and proliferation of B cells that receive signal 1 in the absence of co-stimulatory signals, and do so in part by repressing expression of BATF and consequently c-MYC. Correspondingly, Ab responses to TI-2 immunogens are enhanced in the absence of Nr4a1, but are unaltered in response to immunogens that incorporate co-stimulatory signals. Unexpectedly, we also identify a role for the NR4A family i...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Other Kyphoscoliosis and Scoliosis
Congenital Scoliosis
Scoliosis, Unspecified
Distal Arthrogryposis Syndrome
Acquired Camptodactyly
Acquired Scoliosis
Multiple Pterygium Syndrome

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
James B ChungJohn G Monroe
Methods in Molecular Biology
Sergio AbrignaniPaolo Dellabona
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved