Jan 1, 1976

A neutral collagenase from human gastric mucosa

The Biochemical Journal
D E WoolleyJ M Evanson

Abstract

Biopsy specimens of human gastric mucosa, maintained in culture for 7 days in the absence of serum, released a collagen-degrading enzyme into the medium. The yield of active enzyme reached a maximum after 2-3 days, and viable tissue, capable of protein synthesis, was essential for its production. 2. At 25 degrees C the enzyme attacked undenatured collagen in solution, resulting in a 55% loss of specific viscosity and producing the two products TCA and TCB characteristic of neutral-collagenase action. 3. Electron microscopy of segment-long-spacing crystallites of these reaction products showed the exact cleavage locus of the collagen molecules to be between bands 43 and 44 (I-43). The larger TCA and smaller TCB products were fragments representing 77 and 23% respectively of the length of the collagen molecule. 4. Optimal enzyme activity was observed over the pH range 7.5-8.5 and a mol.wt. of approx. 38000 was derived from gel-filtration studies. 5. The enzyme was shown to be inhibited by the human serum proteins alpha2-macroglobulin and a smaller component of mol.wt. approx. 40000; alpha1-anti-trypsin was not inhibitory. 6. EDTA, 1, 10-phenanthroline, cysteine and dithiothreitol all inhibited collagenase activity. 7. The gastric...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Structure of Pyloric Gland
Serum Proteins
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Culture Techniques
Viscosity
Edetic Acid, Sodium Salt
Electrophoresis, Disc
Electron Microscopy
Collagenase-Like Peptidase
Stomach Diseases

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