A neutral proteinase of monkey liver microsomes. Solubilization, partial purification, and properties

Journal of Biochemistry
K Sogawa, K Takahashi

Abstract

Conditions for the solubilization of membrane-bound neutral proteinase associated with monkey liver microsomes were investigated. Among the reagents tested, deoxycholate, cholate, and some nonionic detergents, including Triton X-100, with hydrophilic-lipophilic balance values of around 13, were effective. The solubilization profile indicated that the enzyme is bound to the microsomal membranes by strong hydrophobic interaction. The enzyme was partially purified from monkey liver microsomal fraction, previously washed with 1 M KCl and 0.05% sodium dodecyl sulfate, by Triton X-100 extraction, followed by chromatography on columns of hydroxylapatite and Sepharose CL-6B. The apparent molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be about 88,000 from the elution position on Sepharose CL-6B column chromatography in the presence of 0.5% sodium cholate. It was optimally active at pH 8.0 with heat-denatured casein as a substrate. It was strongly inhibited by diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate and phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, indicating that the enzyme is a serine proteinase. EDTA, EGTA, and chymostatin also inhibited the enzyme strongly. Among urea-denatured protein substrates tested, calf thymus histone was hydrolyzed most rapidly, f...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Aminopeptidase
Metazoa
Anthropoidea
Synthetic Detergent
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Intracellular Membranes
Macaca
Microsomes, Liver
Peptide Hydrolases
Substrate Specificity

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