Jun 26, 1976

A new form of antihistamine--the H2-receptor antagonist

The Medical Journal of Australia
D J Shearman

Abstract

A new group of drugs, the histamine2 (H2)-receptor antagonists, act on receptors in the stomach to reduce acid secretion when this is stimulated by histamine, pentagastrin, the vagus nerve or food. The reduction in acid secretion is profound and may approach the degree of reduction brought about by gastric surgery. The H2-receptor antagonist metiamide, administered orally, has been used successfully in the treatment of duodenal ulcer and the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, but it has been shown to cause agranulocytosis. Trials are in process with an analogue, cimetidine (Tagamet, SKF), which has a different chemical structure from metiamide and has not caused haematological changes in animals or man. These drugs offer the prospect of successful medical management of duodenal ulcer, while a study of their effects on H2-receptors elsewhere in the body may reveal other therapeutic benefits.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Gastric Juice
Neutropenia
Depression, Chemical
Metiamide Monohydrochloride
Antagonist Muscle Action
Analog
Tagamet
Antihistamine [EPC]
Histamine Receptor

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.