Oct 25, 2018

A new method for enamel amino acid racemization dating: a closed system approach

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Marc R DickinsonKirsty E H Penkman

Abstract

Analysis of the predictable breakdown of proteins and amino acids in ancient biominerals enables age estimation over the Quaternary. We postulate that enamel is a suitable biomineral for the long-term survival of endogenous amino acids. Analysis of multiple amino acids for geochronological studies is typically achieved using a RP-HPLC method. However, the low concentrations of amino acids coupled with high concentrations of inorganic species make accurate determination of amino concentrations challenging. We have developed a method for the routine preparation of multiple enamel samples using biphasic separation. Furthermore, we have shown that amino acids that exhibit effectively closed system behaviour can be isolated from enamel through an exposure time of 72 h to bleach. Elevated temperature experiments investigating the processes of intra-crystalline protein degradation (IcPD) do not appear to match the patterns from fossil samples, reinforcing the need for a comprehensive understanding of the underlying mechanisms of protein degradation. This novel preparative method isolates intra-crystalline amino acids suitable for the development of mammalian geochronologies based on enamel protein degradation. The lower rates of racem...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Patterns
Protein Degradation, Regulatory
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Determination Aspects
Protein Degradation, Metabolic
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Isolate - Microorganism
Proteolysis
Crystal Structure

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