Mar 25, 2020

The bacterial community structure dynamics in Meloidogyne incognita infected roots and its role in worm-microbiome interactions

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
T. YergaliyevAmir Szitenberg


Background: Plant parasitic nematodes such as Meloidogyne incognita have a complex life cycle, occurring sequentially in various niches of the root and rhizosphere. They are known to form a range of interactions with bacteria and other microorganisms, that can affect their densities and virulence. High throughput sequencing can reveal these interactions in high temporal, and geographic resolutions, although thus far we have only scratched the surface. We have carried out a longitudinal sampling scheme, repeatedly collecting rhizosphere soil, roots, galls and second stage juveniles from 20 plants to provide a high resolution view of bacterial succession in these niches, using 16S rRNA metabarcoding. Results: We find that a structured community develops in the root, in which gall communities diverge from root segments lacking a gall, and that this structure is maintained throughout the crop season. We detail the successional process leading toward this structure, which is driven by interactions with the nematode and later by an increase in bacteria often found in hypoxic and anaerobic environments. We show evidence that this structure may play a role in the nematode's chemotaxis towards uninfected root segments. Finally, we descr...Continue Reading

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