A New Surgical Technique for Polysyndactyly of the Toes without Skin Graft

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ayato HayashiMasanobu Nishida


Reconstruction for polysyndactyly of the toes aims at cosmetic improvement. A previous method that uses a skin graft has inherent disadvantages of mismatched pigmentation between the graft and the surrounding skin and scar formation at the donor site. The authors' new improved surgical technique for the treatment of polysyndactyly of the toes does not require a skin graft and therefore avoids these problems. The authors designed a subcutaneous flap from the distal portion of a rectangular flap of skin from the dorsal side of the interdigital webbing and moved the former flap to the sidewall of the base of a toe. Both flaps are the same size; therefore, an interdigital space had to be of sufficient size to accommodate both of them. To ensure an adequate blood supply to the flap, careful handling of the subcutaneous flap is essential for success. This procedure can apply to polysyndactyly of the fourth, fifth, and sixth toes when the fourth and fifth toes adhere over the distal side of the distal interphalangeal joint and when the skin on the dorsal side of the fifth toe, regarded as the excessive one, is at lease twice the size of the dorsal rectangular flap. Ten patients with polysyndactyly of the toe were treated with this met...Continue Reading


Nov 1, 1976·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery·E MarumoS Suzuki
Oct 1, 1992·British Journal of Plastic Surgery·K OnishiT Aoki
Dec 1, 1989·Annals of Plastic Surgery·J NakamuraT Endo
Sep 1, 1984·Journal of the American Podiatry Association·R E WeinstockM A Farmer
Oct 1, 1981·Journal of the American Podiatry Association·W B ColemanH D Sterling
Feb 1, 1983·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery·P E Mondolfi
Aug 1, 1982·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery·R W Parsons, D J Smith
Jul 1, 1995·British Journal of Plastic Surgery·Y Itoh, K Arai
Jan 1, 1996·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery·K NakamuraE Ohta
Sep 1, 1996·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery·S ParkM Minegishi
Jul 1, 1997·The Journal of Hand Surgery·Y BandohH Seno
Apr 5, 2002·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery·Hirokazu UdaSyunji Sarukawa

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Feb 25, 2011·Annals of Plastic Surgery·Naoshige Iida, Ayako Kotake
Mar 3, 2007·The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery : Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons·Yi-Jia LimEng Hin Lee
May 23, 2015·The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery : Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons·Susumu SaitoShigehiko Suzuki
Nov 13, 2014·Annals of Plastic Surgery·Satoshi UsamiMutsumi Okazaki
Mar 2, 2013·Foot & Ankle International·Gi Heon ParkDong Hyun Lee
Aug 19, 2016·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open·Naoshige Iida, Ayako Watanabe
May 17, 2017·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open·Toru MiyanagaAkiko Yamashita
Mar 2, 2021·Foot and Ankle Surgery : Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons·Tristan LanglaisFranck Fitoussi

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery
Hidehiko KawabataYoshito Matsui
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
P E Mondolfi
Hand Surgery : an International Journal Devoted to Hand and Upper Limb Surgery and Related Research : Journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand
Lam Chuan Teoh, J Y L Lee
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved