A new synthetic antiarrhythmic peptide reduces dispersion of epicardial activation recovery interval and diminishes alterations of epicardial activation patterns induced by regional ischemia. A mapping study

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
S DheinW Klaus

Abstract

Common antiarrhythmic agents affect ionic membrane channels and thereby alter cellular electrical activity. Since this accounts for the proarrhythmic effects as well we tried to find new substances with different profiles of actions. A new antiarrhythmic peptide, H2N-Gly-Ala-Gly-4 Hyp-Pro-Tyr-CONH2 (AAP 10), was synthetized using the Fmoc-strategy. This peptide was analyzed for its electrophysiological profile of action in normal isolated rabbit hearts perfused according to the Langendorff technique either under control conditions or after induction of a regional ischemia. For this purpose 256 channel epicardial mapping was employed allowing the determination of the timepoints of activation at each electrode thus identifying the origins of epicardial activation (socalled breakthrough-points, BTP). Epicardial spread of activation was then described mathematically by activation vectors which gave direction and velocity of the epicardial activation wave at each electrode. Single heart beats were analyzed under control conditions and under treatment with AAP 10 or under regional ischemia with or without AAP 10-pretreatment (10(-8) mol/l). We calculated the percentage of similar vectors (VEC) with unaltered direction (deviation < or...Continue Reading

Citations

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