Nov 6, 2018

A novel cell-based sensor detecting the activity of individual basic proprotein convertases

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Karin I LowStefan Kunz

Abstract

The basic proprotein convertases (PCs) furin, PC1/3, PC2, PC5/6, PACE4, PC4, and PC7 are promising drug targets for human diseases. However, developing selective inhibitors remains challenging due to overlapping substrate recognition motifs and limited structural information. Classical drug screening approaches for basic PC inhibitors involve homogeneous biochemical assays using soluble recombinant enzymes combined with fluorogenic substrate peptides and do not accurately recapitulate the complex cellular context of the basic PC-substrate interaction. We report here PCific, a novel cell-based molecular sensor that allows rapid screening of candidate inhibitors and their selectivity toward individual basic PCs within mammalian cells. PCific consists of Gaussia luciferase linked to a sortilin-1 membrane anchor via a cleavage motif that allows efficient release of luciferase specifically if individual basic PCs are provided in cis. Screening of selected candidate peptidomimetic inhibitors revealed that PCific can readily distinguish between general and selective PC inhibitors in a high-throughput screening format.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Enzymes, antithrombotic
Paired basic amino acid cleaving enzyme
High Throughput Screening
Pancreatic Carcinoma
Posterior Cerebral Commissure
Inhibitors
Silicon phthalocyanine 4
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum
Soluble
ENPP1 gene

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