Nov 24, 2019

A novel class of cardioprotective small-molecule PTP inhibitors

Pharmacological Research : the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Salvatore AntonucciElizabeth Murphy

Abstract

Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is mediated in large part by opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP). Consequently, inhibitors of the PTP hold great promise for the treatment of a variety of cardiovascular disorders. At present, PTP inhibition is obtained only through the use of drugs (e.g. cyclosporine A, CsA) targeting cyclophilin D (CyPD) which is a key modulator, but not a structural component of the PTP. This limitation might explain controversial findings in clinical studies. Therefore, we investigated the protective effects against I/R injury of small-molecule inhibitors of the PTP (63 and TR002) that do not target CyPD. Both compounds exhibited a dose-dependent inhibition of PTP opening in isolated mitochondria and were more potent than CsA. Notably, PTP inhibition was observed also in mitochondria devoid of CyPD. Compounds 63 and TR002 prevented PTP opening and mitochondrial depolarization induced by Ca2+ overload and by reactive oxygen species in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs). Remarkably, both compounds prevented cell death, contractile dysfunction and sarcomeric derangement induced by anoxia/reoxygenation injury in NRVMs at sub-micromolar concentrations, and were more potent than...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations1

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Study
Reperfusion Injury
Cyclosporine
Inhibitors
Calcium ion
Cytochrome-c Oxidase Deficiency
Cardiovascular Diseases
Sarcomere Organization
Mitochondrial Depolarization

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.