May 1, 1993

A novel computer modeling approach to the structures of small bioactive peptides: the structure of gonadotropin releasing hormone

H M GuptaDinakar M Salunke


A novel computer modeling approach suitable for the structure analysis of small bioactive peptides has been developed. This approach involves identification of conformational patterns in protein structure data bank based on the sequence homology with the bioactive peptide. The models built on the basis of this homology and having common conformational patterns are analyzed under the structural constraints derived from the activity data of various synthetic analogs of the peptide. Application of this procedure to the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) resulted in a library of possible structures for GnRH, 9 among which shared a common beta-turn. Further analysis of the structures containing the beta-turn motif, in the context of the structure-activity data, led to a model for the active conformation of GnRH. The topology of the putative receptor binding site of the hormone is defined by a contiguous surface formed through an appropriate juxtaposition of the N-terminal pGlu1, the guanidyl group of Arg8, aromatic side chain of Trp3, and the Gly10-NH2 at the C-terminal end.

  • References11
  • Citations19


  • References11
  • Citations19


Mentioned in this Paper

In Silico
Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
Structure-Activity Relationship
Protein Conformation
Protein Domain
Analogs & derivatives
Recombinant Gonadorelin
Homologous Gene

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