Apr 2, 2020

A novel CRISPR-based malaria diagnostic capable of Plasmodium detection, speciation, and drug-resistance genotyping

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
C. H. Cunningham, C. M. Hennelly


CRISPR-based diagnostics are a new class of highly sensitive and specific assays with multiple applications in infectious disease diagnosis. SHERLOCK, or Specific High-Sensitivity Enzymatic Reporter UnLOCKing, is one such CRISPR-based diagnostic that combines recombinase polymerase pre-amplification, CRISPR-RNA base-pairing, and LwCas13a activity for nucleic acid detection. We developed SHERLOCK assays for malaria capable of detecting all Plasmodium species known to cause malaria in humans and species-specific detection of P. vivax and P. falciparum, the species responsible for the majority of malaria cases worldwide. We validated these assays against parasite genomic DNA and achieved analytical sensitivities ranging from 2.5-18.8 parasites per reaction. We further tested these assays using a diverse panel of 123 clinical samples from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and Thailand and pools of Anopheles mosquitoes from Thailand. When compared to real-time PCR, the P. falciparum assay achieved 94% sensitivity and 94% specificity in clinical samples. In addition, we developed a SHERLOCK assay capable of detecting the dihydropteroate synthetase (dhps) single nucleotide variant A581G associated with P. falciparum sulfad...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Regulation of Biological Process
Genomic Stability
triplex DNA
Codon (Nucleotide Sequence)
TCTN1 gene

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Related Papers

Minnesota Medicine
Charles R Meyer
The Western Journal of Medicine
J S Grisolia, W C Wiederholt
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved