DOI: 10.1101/470401Nov 14, 2018Paper

A novel model plant to study the light control of seed germination

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Zsuzsanna MéraiOrtrun Mittelsten Scheid


Timing of seed germination is crucial for seed plants and coordinated by internal and external cues, reflecting adaptations to different habitats. Physiological and molecular studies with lettuce and Arabidopsis thaliana have documented a strict requirement for light to initiate germination and identified many receptors, signalling cascades, and hormonal control elements. In contrast, seed germination of several other plants is inhibited by light, but the molecular basis of this converse response is unknown. We describe Aethionema arabicum (Brassicaceae) as a suitable model plant to investigate the mechanism of germination inhibition by light, as it comprises accessions with natural variation between light-sensitive and light-neutral responses. Inhibition is independent of light wavelength and increases with light intensity and duration. Gibberellins and abscisic acid are involved in the control of germination as in Arabidopsis, but transcriptome comparisons of light- and dark-exposed Aethionema arabicum seeds revealed that expression of genes for key regulators upon light exposure undergo converse changes, resulting in antipodal hormone regulation. This illustrates that similar modular components of a pathway in light-inhibite...Continue Reading

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Abscisic Acid
Arabidopsis thaliana <plant>

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