Sep 17, 2020

A novel monoclonal antibody against human B7-1 protects against chronic graft-vs.-host disease in a murine lupus nephritis model

Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Lijun ShenYan Xu

Abstract

Lupus nephritis (LN) is the most common complication that causes mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The B7-1/B7-2 and CD28/cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 co-stimulatory pathway serves a key role in autoimmune disease and organ transplantation. The aim of the present study was to generate and characterize a monoclonal antibody (mAb; clone 4E5) against human B7-1 and to investigate its potential use for the treatment of LN. The results demonstrated that the 4E5 mAb was successfully generated and able to recognize both human and mouse B7-1. After injection of this mAb into a mouse model with chronic graft-vs.-host disease (cGVHD)-induced lupus-like disease, the expression of CD21, CD23, CD80 and CD86 on B220+ B-cells in the spleen, and the concentrations of serum autoantibodies and urine protein, were decreased. Direct immunofluorescence analysis of the kidneys revealed that immunofluorescence of immune complex deposits was weaker in the 4E5-treated mice and electron microscopy analyses of renal tissues indicated that pathological injury of the kidneys of 4E5-treated mice was decreased compared with that in the model control mice. The results of the present study demonstrated that inhibition of th...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Clone
Urine
Study
Laboratory mice
CD86 Antigen
Protein Expression
PTPRC
FCER2
Signal Pathways
Disease

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