DOI: 10.1101/507111Dec 27, 2018Paper

A novel nonsense mutation c.424G>T (p. G142X) in the first exon of XLas leading to osteopetrosis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
xiang chenXijie Yu

Abstract

GNAS is one of the most complex gene loci in the human genome and encodes multiple gene products. XLas, the extra-large isoform of alpha-subunit of the stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding protein (Gas), is paternally inherited. Although XLas can mimic the action of Gas, its significance remains largely unknown in humans. Here we report a patient presented with increased bone mass, hypophosphatemia, and elevated parathyroid hormone levels. His serum calcium was in the lower limit of normal range. DEXA scan revealed progressive increase in the bone density of this patient. Whole exome sequencing of this subject found a novel nonsense mutation c.424G>T (p. G142X) in the first exon of XLas, which was inherited from his father and transmitted to his daughter. This mutation was predicted to exclusively influence the expression of XLas, while may have no significant effects on other gene products of this locus. SaOS2 cells transfected with mutant XLas failed to generate cAMP under parathyroid hormone stimulation, indicating skeletal resistance to this hormone. This subject showed higher circulating SOST, DKK1 and OPG levels, while lower RANKL levels and RANKL/OPG ratio, leading to reduced bone resorption. It is speculated that this...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cyclic AMP
Bone Density
Bone Resorption
Exons
Genes
Genome
Glycoprotein Hormones, alpha Subunit
Hormones
Albers-Schonberg Disease
Parathyroid Hormone

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