Mar 29, 2020

A novel rare c. -39C>T mutation in the PROS1 5′UTR causing PS deficiency by creating a new upstream translation initiation codon and inhibiting the production of the natural protein.

Sylvie Labrouche-ColomerDavid-Alexandre Tregouet


Inherited Protein S deficiency (PSD) (MIM176880) is a rare automosal dominant disorder caused by rare mutations, mainly located in the coding sequence of the structural PROS1 gene, and associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism. To identify the molecular defect underlying PSD observed in an extended French pedigree with 7 PSD affected members in who no candidate deleterious PROS1 mutation was detected by the direct Sanger sequencing of PROS1 exons and their flanking intronic regions or via a MLPA approach, a whole genome sequencing strategy was adopted. This led to the identification of a never reported C to T substitution at c.-39 from the natural ATG codon of the PROS1 gene that completely segregates with PSD in the whole family. This substitution ACG→ATG creates a new start codon upstream of the main ATG. We experimentally demonstrated that the variant generates a novel overlapping ORF and inhibits the translation of the wild type protein from the main ORF in HeLa cells. This work describes the first example of 5′UTR PROS1 mutation causing PSD through the creation of an upstream ORF, a mutation that is not predicted to be deleterious by standard annotation softwares.

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Mentioned in this Paper

PROS1 gene
Open Reading Frames
Angle Closure Glaucoma
Detected (Finding)
HeLa Cells
Codon (Nucleotide Sequence)
Venous Thromboembolism
Genetic Pedigree
Protein S Deficiency

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