A Novel Root-Knot Nematode Resistance QTL on Chromosome Vu01 in Cowpea

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Arsenio Daniel NdevePhilip A Roberts

Abstract

The root-knot nematode (RKN) species Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica cause substantial root system damage and suppress yield of susceptible cowpea cultivars. The narrow-based genetic resistance conferred by the Rk gene, present in some commercial cultivars, is not effective against Rk -virulent populations found in several cowpea production areas. The dynamics of virulence within RKN populations require a broadening of the genetic base of resistance in elite cowpea cultivars. As part of this goal, F1 and F2 populations from the cross CB46-Null (susceptible) x FN-2-9-04 (resistant) were phenotyped for M. javanica induced root-galling (RG) and egg-mass production (EM) in controlled growth chamber and greenhouse infection assays. In addition, F2:3 families of the same cross were phenotyped for RG on field sites infested with Rk- avirulent M. incognita and M. javanica . The response of F1 to RG and EM indicated that resistance to RKN in FN-2-9-04 is partially dominant, as supported by the degree of dominance in the F2 and F2:3 populations. Two QTLs associated with both RG and EM resistance were detected on chromosomes Vu01 and Vu04. The QTL on Vu01 was most effective against aggressive M. javanica , whereas both QTLs were eff...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Chromosomes
Genes
Objective (Goal)
Virulence
Site
AvrB protein, Pseudomonas syringae
Quantitative Trait Loci
Vigna
Meloidogyne incognita
Virulence Factors

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