Sep 22, 2007

A novel use of TAT-EGFP to validate techniques to alter osteosarcoma cell surface glycosaminoglycan expression

Journal of Molecular Histology
Arjuna KumarasuriyarSimon M Cool


Several methods to alter cell surface glycosaminoglycan (GAG) expression have previously been described, including treatments with chlorate to reduce the addition of charged sulfate groups, xyloside compounds to displace GAGs from their core proteins, and GAG lyases, such as heparinase and chondroitinase, to release GAG fragments from the cell layer. While these methods are useful in identifying cellular mechanisms which are dependent on GAGs, they must be stringently validated to assess results in the appropriate context. To determine the most useful technique for the evaluation of GAG function in osteogenesis, MG-63 osteosarcoma cells were systematically treated with these agents and evaluated for changes in cell surface GAGs using a TAT-EGFP fusion protein. TAT, a protein transduction domain from the HIV-1 virus, requires cell surface GAGs to traverse cell membranes. The EGFP component provides a method to assess protein entry into cells in both qualitative and quantitative tests. Here, TAT-EGFP transduction analysis confirmed radiochemical and physiological data that chlorate effectively disrupts GAG expression. TAT-EGFP entry into cells was also inhibited by the exogenous application of commercial heparin and GAGs extracte...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Flow Cytometry
Chondroitin Sulfate, Zinc Salt
Tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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