Mar 1, 1995

A one-year community study of under-fives in rural Ethiopia: patterns of morbidity and public health risk factors

Public Health
L MuheS Wall

Abstract

A prospective weekly home surveillance study was undertaken to determine morbidity patterns within the Butajira Rural Health project in central Ethiopia. Overall prevalence of illness was 5.8% in 1216 person-years observed among rural Ethiopian children aged under 5 years. Acute respiratory infections (ARI) (prevalence 2.8%) and acute diarrhoea (2.4%) were the commonest conditions. Episodes of illness were distributed unequally among children, with a mean of 2.34 episodes per child. These included an average of 1.13 episodes of ARI (of which 0.16 had lower respiratory symptoms [ALRI]) and 1.17 episodes of acute diarrhoea. Sanitation factors were the principal risks for gastroenteritis, while living in rural areas predisposed children to ARI. Parental factors such as illiteracy were also linked to morbidity.

Mentioned in this Paper

Morbidity Aspects
Acute Respiratory Infections
Acute Diarrhea
Acute Disease
Respiratory Tract Infections
Child Protective Services
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Deal Barratt Dillon Syndrome
Regression Analysis
Morbidity - Disease Rate

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