Mar 30, 2020

ELP-dependent expression of MCL1 promotes resistance to EGFR inhibition in triple-negative breast cancer cells

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Andrea SottorivaMichael J Lee

Abstract

Targeted therapies for the treatment of cancer are generally thought to exploit oncogene addiction, a phenomenon in which a single oncogene controls both the growth and survival of the tumor cell. Many well-validated examples of oncogene addiction exist; however, the utility of oncogene targeted therapies varies substantially by cancer context, even among cancers in which the targeted oncogene is similarly dysregulated. For instance, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling can be effectively targeted in EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but not in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), where EGFR is activated to a similar degree. We find that EGFR controls a similar signaling/transcriptional network in TNBC and EGFR-mutant NSCLC cells, but only NSCLC cells respond to EGFR inhibition by activating cell death. To address this paradox and identify mechanisms that contribute to insensitivity to EGFR inhibition in TNBC, we performed a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 genetic knockout screen. Our screen identifies the Elongator (ELP) complex as a mediator of insensitivity to EGFR inhibition in TNBC. Depleting ELP proteins caused high levels of apoptotic cell death, in an EGFR inhibition-dependent manner. We find that th...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
Genome
Genomic Stability
Neoplasms
Genomics
Massively-Parallel Sequencing
Mutant
Tumor Growth
Malignant Neoplasms
Alleles

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