A Pediatric Infectious Diseases Perspective of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Children.

Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Andi L ShaneKaren Kotloff

Abstract

Understanding the role that children play in the clinical burden and propagation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections, is emerging. While the severe manifestations and acute clinical burden of COVID-19 have largely spared children compared with adults, understanding the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostics, management, and prevention opportunities and the social and behavioral impacts on child health is vital. Foremost is clarifying the contribution of asymptomatic and mild infections to transmission within the household and community and the clinical and epidemiologic significance of uncommon severe post-infectious complications. Here, we summarize the current knowledge, identify resources, and outline research opportunities. Pediatric infectious diseases clinicians have a unique opportunity to advocate for the inclusion of children in epidemiological, clinical, treatment, and prevention studies to optimize their care as well as to represent children in the development of guidance and policy during pandemic response.

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Citations

Feb 16, 2021·Frontiers in Medicine·Waleed H MahallawiAbdulmohsen H Al-Zalabani
Dec 29, 2020·Hospital Pediatrics·Yekaterina TokarevaEileen J Klein
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Jul 16, 2021·Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases·Emily R LevyKathleen Chiotos

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
PCR
cesarean
reverse-transcription PCR
bronchoalveolar lavage
glycosylation

Clinical Trials Mentioned

NCT04431453
NCT04354155

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