Aug 30, 2011

A perspective from magnetic resonance imaging findings of the inner ear: Relationships among cerebrospinal, ocular and inner ear fluids

Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Tsutomu NakashimaS Naganawa

Abstract

Visualization of endolymphatic hydrops has been performed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after intratympanic or intravenous gadolinium (Gd) injection. Our recent findings indicate that just as the prevalence of asymptomatic glaucoma is greater than that of symptomatic glaucoma, there are also many cases of asymptomatic endolymphatic hydrops. It is assumed that the asymptomatic endolymphatic hydrops that precedes Ménière's disease is found more frequently using MRI than with other techniques. Gd in the inner ear moves into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) via the internal auditory meatus. Gd enhancement is also recognized in the ocular fluid after the intravenous Gd administration. In this paper, the relationships between CSF, ocular fluid and inner ear fluid are reviewed. The central nervous system, eye and inner ear contain specialized extracellular fluids that are essential for maintaining their function: CSF, ocular fluid consisting of vitreous humor and aqueous humor, and inner ear fluid consisting of perilymph and endolymph. Abnormal accumulation of or pressure elevation in these fluids is associated with hydrocephalus, glaucoma and Ménière's disease, respectively. The dura mater and the arachnoid membrane of the opti...Continue Reading

  • References147
  • Citations12

References

  • References147
  • Citations12

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Perilymphatic Space
Pathogenic Aspects
Biochemical Pathway
Disorder of Middle Ear
Endolymphatic Space
Arterial System
Exertion
Entire Optic Nerve
Ganglion Cell
Glycerin

Related Feeds

Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis

Astrocytes

Astrocytes are glial cells that support the blood-brain barrier, facilitate neurotransmission, provide nutrients to neurons, and help repair damaged nervous tissues. Here is the latest research.

Auditory Perception

Auditory perception is the ability to receive and interpret information attained by the ears. Here is the latest research on factors and underlying mechanisms that influence auditory perception.

CSF & Lymphatic System

This feed focuses on Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) and the lymphatic system. Discover the latest papers using imaging techniques to track CSF outflow into the lymphatic system in animal models.

Astrocytes and Neurodegeneration

Astrocytes are important for the health and function of the central nervous system. When these cells stop functioning properly, either through gain of function or loss of homeostatic controls, neurodegenerative diseases can occur. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and neurodegeneration.