PMID: 38070Mar 1, 1979

A pharmacokinetic model for enterohepatic recirculation in the rat: phenolphthalein, a model drug

Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals
W A ColburnP Milburn


A classical compartmental pharmacokinetic model was developed to describe the systemic blood concentration-time profile of phenolphthalein and its glucuronide conjugate (total 3H) following a single intravenous bolus injection of [3H]phenolphthalein. The model incorporates a biliary transport system, including a finite lag time for the biliary phenophthalein glucuronide to be hydrolyzed in the intestine before absorption. Data obtained from bile duct-cannulated animals were fit to the same model excluding any component for intestinal absorption. Agreement between the rate constants obtained for both fits indicates that the model is internally consistent. The model was then used to simulate a 24-hour time-course of phenolphthalein-equivalent blood concentrations which indicates that the long apparent half-lives calculated during this period are artifacts of recirculation.

Related Concepts

Intestinal Absorption
Enterohepatic Circulation

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.