A pilot study of estrogen's effects on bronchial myocyte adhesion molecule expression

Pharmacotherapy
G R DickensM H Ensom

Abstract

We examined the effects of estrogen on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced expression of intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) and vascular adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) in cultured human bronchial smooth muscle cells (BSMC). Experiments were performed in triplicate in T-75 tissue culture flasks containing normal human BSMC. Four experiments were carried out: untreated BSMC cells (control); TNF-alpha 1000 U/ml stimulation of BSMC; forskolin 5 microM before TNF-alpha stimulation of BSMC; and estradiol 30 microM before TNF-alpha stimulation of BSMC. Cyclic adenosine monophosphate was measured by a commercially available radioimmunoassay kit. Cell expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 was quantified by flow cytometry Incubation of cells with TNF-alpha 1000 U/ml for 24 hours elicited a 27-fold increase in basal expression of ICAM-1 and a 2-fold increase in VCAM-1 (p>0.05). Incubation of BSMC with forskolin 5 microM, for 1 hour before TNF-alpha, decreased TNF-alpha-induced expression of ICAM-1 by 62% and VCAM-1 slightly by 17%. The BSMC incubated with estradiol 30 microM, 1 hour before TNF-alpha, decreased TNF-alpha-induced expression of ICAM-1 by 21%; VCAM-1 remained unchanged (p>0.05). We found a trend toward inhibition of T...Continue Reading

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