Mar 27, 2018

A polymorphism in the lysyl oxidase propeptide domain accelerates carcinogen-induced cancer

Ana de la CuevaKathrin H Kirsch


The propeptide (LOX-PP) domain of the lysyl oxidase proenzyme was shown to inhibit the transformed phenotype of breast, lung and pancreatic cells in culture and the formation of Her2/neu-driven breast cancer in a xenograft model. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, rs1800449) positioned in a highly conserved region of LOX-PP results in an Arg158Gln substitution (humans). This arginine (Arg)→glutamine (Gln) substitution profoundly impaired the ability of LOX-PP to inhibit the invasive phenotype and xenograft tumor formation. To study the effect of the SNP in vivo, here we established a knock in (KI) mouse line (LOX-PPGln mice) expressing an Arg152Gln substitution corresponding to the human Arg158Gln polymorphism. Breast cancer was induced in wild-type (WT) and LOX-PPGln female mice beginning at 6 weeks of age by treatment with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) in combination with progesterone. Time course analysis of tumor development demonstrated earlier tumor onset and shorter overall survival in LOX-PPGln versus WT mice. To further compare the tumor burden in WT and LOX-PPGln mice, inguinal mammary glands from both groups of mice were examined for microscopic lesion formation. LOX-PPGln glands contained more lesions (9...Continue Reading

  • References41
  • Citations1


  • References41
  • Citations1


Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Gene Polymorphism
Tumor Promoters
ErbB-2 Receptor
In Vivo
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Mammary Gland

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.