PMID: 10426Nov 1, 1976

A polypeptide (AP-A) from sea anemone (Anthopleura xanthogrammica) with potent positive inotropic action

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
S ShibataS Katsuki


Anthopleurin-A (AP-A), a polypeptide with MW ca. 5500 (53 amino acids), isolated from the sea anemone, Anthopleura xanthogrammica (Brandt), elicited a potent positive inotropic effect but without an accompanying chronotropic effect on the isolated cardiac muscles of rat, rabbit, guinea pig and cat. Similarly in dogs and cats in situ, i.p. injections of AP-A increased the contractile force without effect on heart rate or blood pressure. The cardiotonic potency for AP-A was equivalent to that of isoproterenol but much greater than that for ouabain or glucagon on the isolated cardiac muscle. AP-A increased the contractile force (cardiac output) and decreased atrial pressure in dog heart during pentobarbital-induced failure. This inotropic effect was not inhibited by propranolol pretreatment. The Ca++ requirement to restore the contractile force was less in AP-A-treated than in ouabain or isoproterenol-treated tissues. After AP-A treatment, the cardiac contractility was more resistant to hypoxia and to low or high temperature stress than ouabain-treated or control preparations. AP-A at 5 10(-9) M increased the duration of the action potential, its mean rate of rise and conduction in the guinea-pig atria and ventricles. At the maxim...Continue Reading

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